Imiging diagnostic

Ultrasound diagnostic is harmless and pain less mathodes that gives us information about condition of internal organs of abdomen, pelvis, soft tissues, scrotum and testicle, thyroid gland, tetives, musculs etc.

Ultrasound is high frequency sound wave over 2000 Hz and it is used in the medicine about 50 years and it becomes the most used technique that has its important place in diagnostic gastroenterological, cardiological, endocrinological, urological, gynaecological, rheumatological, orthopaedic, illness.

Within the ultrasound cabinet of Health centre ‘’Vizim’’  you can perform all types of ultrasound diagnostic on apparatus MyLab 50 produced in the 2008.year that is one of the most modern machines high class of ESAOTE company.

Abdominal ultrasound is methods whose aim is to access the magnitude, structure of solid abdominal organs and possibly present pathological changes in them.

Indication for abdominal ultrasound are abdominal pains, nausea, weight loss, icterus, palpable tumour mass, changes and illness of liver, inflammation, stones and changes in the gallbladder and kidneys, interference with urination, blood in urine etc.

Routine abdominal ultrasound consider examination of parenchymatous  organs of the upper abdomen ( liver, gallbladder and bile ducts, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, adrenal glands, retroperitoneal lymph glands, abdominal aorta, bladder). Examination of flow through the blood vessels using pulse Doppler is also possible.

Review the structure of the pelvis( uterus, ovary and prostate)is mostly approximate, consider that in this area better view is given by gynaecological, transvaginal and transrectal ultrasound.

Using ultrasound in review of hollow organs of the abdomen (stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon) is significantly limited, because of presence of gas and the contents in the intestines of which ultrasound become substantially reflected and interferes overview. Because of that for examination of these organs is using primary endoscopic methods( gastroscopy and colonoscopy).

Preparation for abdominal ultrasound means starvation 5-6 hours before examination ( so liquid be present in bladder).

Ultrasound of soft tissue of neck gives an insight into the state of thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, salivary glands and lymphatic nodes of neck region.

Ultrasound of thyroid glands is an indispensable diagnostic methods practically all thyroid disease, from diffuse inflammation, up to different nodose  changes, cystis and tumours. During review we examine size, structure of thyroid gland, circulation and echogenicity of any present nodular changes and cysts.

Ultrasound of breast is priceless in solving nodules in breast discovered palpation exam or self-examinations. This examination is performing 7 days after termination  menstrual bleeding in generative period of women. With huge certainty using ultrasound we can distinguish is it cyst, solid change, benign or malign tumour. Yet if there is a dilemma about the nature of the findings it can be clarified by colour – Doppler technique within ultrasound review – in sense of seeking of pathological vascularisation and mammography and biopsy after that.

Women after 30 years of life needs systematic ultrasound of breasts every 6 months up to year.

Doppler sonography or Colour Doppler is ultrasound technique which using Doppler affect allows testing of changing a flow rate through blood vessels( head, neck, upper extremities, lover extremities, abdomen).

Indication for Doppler sonography of blood vessels head and neck are dizziness, vertigo headache etc. Indication for Doppler sonography of upper and lower extremities are cramps, swellings, weakness, changing colour and temperature of arm or leg and many other conditions according doctor recommendation.